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Biofeedback report


A: Computerized Biofeedback Report

Biography of Expert

Professor Dr. R.H. Brian Costello is Chairman of the International Council of Integrative Medicine, based in AUSTRALIA where he continues to be active in research and maintain a private practice. Dr. Costello has been developing, researching and performing Computerized Biofeedback tests since 1979. He is a Professor at Swinburne University Graduate School of Integrative Medicine and a Fellow of the College of Pain Management with the American Association of Integrative Medicine. He is an active member of the American College of Forensic Examiners and is the Australian Coordinator for the United States Sports Academy. His distinguished designations include a Fellow and Diplomate in Psychological Disabilities Evaluation and Rehabilitation, Chairman of the American Board of Psychological Specialties in Neuropsychology and he is the Ambassador for the International Council of Psychologists. He is the first Australian named to the Beverly Hills Wisdom Hall of Fame for clinical neuropsychology and vocational psychology, joining renowned past recipients; Psychologist Dr Carl Gustav Jung, Albert Einstein, Sir Winston Churchill, Ernest Hemmingway, Presidents Truman, Eisenhower and Kennedy.

COMPUTERIZED BIOFEEDBACK TEST

The parameter used in biofeedback tests and therapy is known to yield data about the functioning of the Autonomic nervous system (ANS). Four such parameters were selected for the tests on Mr. M. K. Trivedi. These were galvanic skin response (GSR), pulse rate (PUL), peripheral skin temperature (TEM) and surface electromyograph (EMG) of striated muscles.

The galvanic skin response is determined by measuring the galvanic skin conductance. This is correlated with the activity of the sweat glands and is regarded as a measure of autonomic arousal; a pointer to the emotional state of the subject. As sweat gland secretion increases, there is an increase in conductivity, pointing to higher stress, while decreased values of GSR have been correlated with a state of relaxation and meditation.

The pulse rate, which is directly connected to heart rate variability, is interpreted as an indicator of the stress being perceived by the subject at the time of the testing. The EMG is the recording of muscle action potentials with skin surface electrodes, and is used as an indicator of muscle recruitment or muscular tension. Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system under stress is known to bring about an increase in muscular tension as the body readies for ‘fight or flight’ response. The blood flow to the brain also increases in such a situation, with accompanying vasoconstriction in peripheral blood vessels as the body attempts to conserve resources. This results in a corresponding drop in peripheral skin temperature.

Thus an increase in sympathetic nervous system activity when a situation of stress is perceived can be expected to result in decreased TEM and increased GSR, PUL and in the muscular tension as measured by the EMG. With increase in activity of the parasympathetic nervous system, on the other hand, the four parameters can be expected to respond in the reverse manner as the body parameters are restored and the body starts returning towards a state of rest.

A measure of the above four parameters was taken in the Mr.Trivedi’s case to determine whether any data is generated which is inconsistent or abnormal in any way.

After the analysis of these four parameters, the analyzed data indicated that Mr.Trivedi’s Autonomic nervous system was simultaneously found to be in the highest state of excitement (sympathetic part of the Autonomic nervous system) and the highest state of calmness (parasympathetic part of the Autonomic nervous system).

Dr Costello stated that “Mr.Trivedi’s measurements were uniquely dissimilar from any other administered to patients and non-patient samples (1979 until 2004).”

BIOFEEDBACK TEST REPORT

Professor R. H. Brian Costello

PhD FCP(Lond) Dip FAB MedPsych DipABPs DipABFE FAAIM FACFE MACE

Clinical Psychologist, Neuropsychologist and Forensic Examiner

Health Service Provider No 16040120 ABN 63199569021
Wednesday, 29 September 2004
Re: The Guru Ji (Mahrendra Kumar Trivedi of Bombay, INDIA)
On 20 SEP 2004, following introduction by Dr David Chu, Dr Beth Hedva and Harold Finkelman, their colleague Dr Lori Croteau visited me from Alberta accompanied by Guru Ji from Bombay. They attended 2 hours rigorous interviewing on “Faith Healing” conducted independently by four academically qualified executive members of the International Council of Integrative Medicine, in the specialty of Mind Body Medicine.
  • Under clinical experimental conditions, the Guru was then invited to demonstrate one of his blessings with an individual who was not a patient, previously unknown to the Guru or anyone present at the colloquium.
  • The selected computerised biofeedback assessment was administered and recorded for a set of standardized measurements published in learned scientific journals since 1979 onwards.
  • The short 12 minute RELAX program component of the Coronary Age Risk Factor Assessment was administered (Cassel and Costello,- 1979-2003). Published references may be downloaded from various Psychology and Education e-library databases. These include EB SCO (formerly Bell & Howell), the American Psychological Association or www.r.cassel.com and www.cassel.edu.au
  • While the individual was mutually praying, Guru Ji was monitored simultaneously with computerized biofeedback measuring Electromyography (EMG), Heart rate change (PUL) Peripheral body temperature (TEM) and Epidermal Skin Response (GSR).
  • On formal examination of Guru Ji’s attached computerised biofeedback results, his measurements were “uniquely dissimilar” from any other administered to patients and non-patient samples (1979 until 2004).
On the basis of my overall assessment and impressions as a research scientist with further interviewing today, it is my professional opinion that a formal research study should be commenced. The proposed study should be constrained by solid experimental research design with appropriate mainstream medicine and biofeedback markers. In the specialty of Mind-Body Medicine, I recommend future pre-post Faith Healing assessment.
Rhbrion Sign Rhbrion Amlum
Fellow and Diplomate in Psychological Disabilities Evaluation and Rehabilitation

Fellow of the College of Pain Management, American Association of Integrative Medicine

PhD and MA Supervisor, Graduate School of Integrative Medicine, Swinburne University

American College of Forensic Examiners, Advisory Board for Continuing Education

Chairman, American Board of Psychological Specialties in Neuropsychology

Australian Chief Liaison Officer, American College of Forensic Examiners

Ambassador, International Council of Psychologists Est. 1943

Member of the Australasian Integrative Medicine Association

Chairman, International Council of Integrative Medicine

Australian Coordinator, United States Sports Academy

Fellow and Diplomate in Forensic-Neuropsychology

Member of the Australian College of Educators

“The Ibis Lodge Biofeedback Clinic” PO Box 1114 Pearcedale, AUSTRALIA3912

Tel +61 359 786888 Fax +61 359 787323


www.cassel.edu.au

   www.icimedicine.com    
www.swin.edu.au/gsim   
 www.onetv.com

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